Accredited social health activists (ASHA)

  • Every village/large habitat will have a female Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) - chosen by and accountable to the panchayat -to act as the interface between the community and the public health system. States to choose State specific models
  • ASHA would act as a bridge between the ANM and the village and be accountable to the Panchayat
  • She will be an honorary volunteer, receiving performance-based compensation for promoting universal immunization, referral and escort services for RCH, construction of household toilets, and other healthcare delivery programmes
  • She will be trained on a pedagogy of public health developed and mentored, through a Standing Mentoring Group at National level incorporating best practices and implemented through active involvement of community health resource organisations
  • She will facilitate preparation and implementation of the Village Health Plan along with Anganwadi worker, ANM, functionaries of other Departments, and Self-Help Group members, under the leadership of the Village Health Committee of the Panchayat.
  • She will be promoted all over the country, with special emphasis on the 18 high focus States. The Government of India will bear the cost of training, incentives and medical kits. The remaining components will be funded under Financial Envelope given to the States under the programme
  • She will be given a Drug Kit on training generic AYUSH and allopathic formulations for common ailments. The drug kit would be replenished from time to time
  • Induction training of ASHA to be of 23 days in all, spread over 12 months. On the job training would continue throughout the year
  • Prototype training material to be developed at National level subject to State level modifications
  • Cascade model of training proposed through Training of Trainers including contract plus distance learning model
  • Training would require partnership with NGOs/ICDS Training Centres and State Health Institutes